10. The Nation Of Israel
"Zionism is the most stupendous fallacy in Jewish history"
Henry Morgenthau, Sr.* 1
To learn the background behind the modern Nation of Israel we need again to go back in history, this time to the year 1881 and the city of St. Petersburg in Czarist Russia. There, in March, the movement to establish the Nation of Israel received its energizing impetus from the explosion of a bomb. The bomb, thrown by a Russian revolutionary, murdered the benign Czar Alexander II, ending his policy of conciliation toward the Jews of Russia and inaugurating an oppressive reign under Czar Alexander III.
Within months after the assassination, the Russian minister of the interior, Count Nicolai Ignatiev, announced that, since the tolerant policies of Alexander II had failed, harsh measures against Russian Jewry were now in order.2 The notorious pogroms, anti-Jewish riots under thinly-veiled government sponsorship, soon followed, with the loss of many Jewish lives and the extensive destruction of Jewish property. Next came a series of anti-Jewish decrees, termed "temporary regulations", which came to be known as the "May Laws" since they were placed into effect on May 3, 1882. These "temporary" laws were so repressive and restrictive on Jewish life that, by the year 1900, nearly 40% of Russia's Jews were dependent upon charity.3 The combined effect of the pogroms and the May Laws drove the Jews of Russia, in desperation, to seek relief in whatever direction it could be found. As chance would have it, leadership was available to the Russian Jews in either of two directions.
One direction was into the underground revolutionary movement, and a minority of Jews did indeed become revolutionaries, participating in the subversive movement which culminated in the successful Communist subversion of Kerensky's government in late 1917, and in the consolidation of Communist control by 1922. Although the presence of many Jews in leadership positions in the Communist revolution has led some observers to the mistaken conclusion that Communism is a Jewish conspiracy, those Jews were in fact driven toward and led into an already-existing conspiracy by the events of 1881 and 1882. As all students of the Master Conspiracy are well aware, the Conspiracy by then was at least a hundred years old, fully capable of having planned and perpetrated those events. Certainly the Conspiracy benefited immensely from the entry into the revolutionary movement of so many Jews.
The second direction in which the hard-pressed Jews of Russia were encouraged to seek relief was emigration from the country. The idea of Zionism, the return of Jews to their original homeland of Palestine, had been discussed academically among a few Jewish leaders for many years, but very little of a practical nature had been accomplished. One of the first to promote the Zionist idea was Zvi Hirsch Kalischer, in writings published during the period 1843 to 1862, but most of the religious Jews of his time considered his proposals to be blasphemous.4 Another promoter of the idea was Moses Hess, who in 1862 published "Rome and Jerusalem." Hess, a friend of Karl Marx when they were both students at the University of Bonn,5 was a collaborator with both Marx and Engels,6 a dedicated socialist, and a member of the First International.7 Walter Laqueur in his "A History of Zionism" remarks at the "curious coincidence" that, in the same year of 1862 in which Hess's book "Rome and Jerusalem" appeared in western Germany, a pamphlet on the same subject should appear in the Hebrew language in eastern Germany, written by Kalischer. Laqueur considers it "remarkable" that the two publications, emanating from two such diverse sources as a radical socialist and an ostensibly Orthodox rabbi, should appear at the same time advocating such similar doctrines and political solutions.8 Laqueur follows the usual pattern of not daring or not wishing to call it conspiracy.
But in the 1860's and 1870's Zionism was an idea whose time had not yet come. It was advocated only by a tiny minority of Jews, discussed and debated by a few, denounced by a substantial number, and ignored by most. Since the Jews residing in the various European countries were experiencing better treatment during the nineteenth century than they had been accustomed to in previous centuries, they had no particular incentive for emigrating. But the assassination of Czar Alexander II and the tragic events which followed changed all this abruptly so far as the Russian Jews were concerned, and it was the Russian Jews who provided the main driving force toward Zionism. The Zionists among the Russian Jews were encouraged in their endeavors by Ignatiev, the minister of the interior, who advocated that the Jews should emigrate to Palestine instead of to America because, he maintained, in Palestine they would be able to preserve their national identity, which they would not be able to do in America.9 ** This solicitous preserver of the Jews' identity was the same minister of the interior who had instigated the pogroms and May Laws which provided the impetus in the first place for the Jews to emigrate. It is interesting to remember also that Ignatiev's pretext for initiating his repressive measures against the Jews was provided by bomb-throwing revolutionaries. Astute believers in the "conspiracy theory of history" will have little difficulty in recognizing here the classic tactic of pressure from below combined with pressure from above to achieve a conspiratorial objective.
Although a trickle of Jews had been migrating to Palestine in the early decades of the nineteenth century, migration could be said to have begun in earnest only in 1882. It was also in 1882 that Baron Edmond de Rothschild, of the French branch of this prominent family of the Conspiracy, began financial support of the Jewish colonies in Palestine. Between 1884 and 1900 he spent six million dollars on the Zionist colonies, which became his major philanthropic interest.10 Between 1882 and 1903, 25,000 Jews migrated to Palestine.11
In 1897 the Zionists became formally organized on an international basis when they gathered at the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland. This and succeeding Congresses had as their main objective what became known as "political Zionism," the negotiating with the Turkish government, which then controlled Palestine, of a charter for a land settlement company which could undertake large-scale Zionist settlements. These efforts failed, however, and no further significant progress was made by the movement until 1917. Failure of the Zionists to make more headway during these years was due firstly to the fact that most Jews had never heard of Zionism, and secondly to the fact that, among those who had, most were strongly opposed to the whole idea in all countries except Russia. Even in Russia, the Orthodox Jews were suspicious of it.14
The break through which placed the Zionist movement on the sure road to success was the publishing by the British government of the Balfour Declaration in November, 1917. This document placed the British government on record as favoring the establishment of a national home for the Jews in Palestine, and pledging the support of the British government in bringing it about. Ostensibly, the key Zionist in maneuvering the British government into this commitment was a Russian-born Jewish chemist named Chaim Weizmann.
Chaim Weizmann was born and reared near Pinsk, which became in the late nineteenth century one of the hotbeds of Zionist ferment in Russia.15 After completing his education as a chemist in Germany and Switzerland, where he became one of the younger leaders of the Zionist movement, he transferred his activities in 1904, at age 30, to England where he settled in Manchester. When Weizmann arrived in Manchester as an obscure chemist he knew very little English, had no job, and had only one acquaintance in the city, a fellow Zionist; but he did have some letters of introduction.16 In less than two years he had obtained an audience with Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour to plead the Zionist cause.17 In succeeding years Weizmann became quite friendly not only with Lord Balfour18 but also with Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer and later Prime Minister,19 with Lord Robert Cecil, Assistant Secretary for Foreign Affairs,20 with Albert Einstein,21 and with Baron Edmond de Rothschild.22 Either Weizmann, the thirty-year-old chemist, was the genius of the century, or his letters of introduction were potent indeed.
One of those who helped arrange high-level introductions for Weizmann was C. P. Scott, editor of the extreme left-wing newspaper, the Manchester "Guardian." Weizmann says he happened to meet Scott at a party.23 Scott was one of the leading "liberals" in Manchester, which at that time was one of the leading left-wing centers of the British Isles.24 Weizmann relates how, when he and Scott would meet in London, Scott's customary greeting was, "Now, Dr. Weizmann, tell me what you want me to do for you."25
The talented Dr. Weizmann, in addition to his 24-carat contacts and acquaintances, also was gifted with extraordinary foresight. He relates how in 1914, shortly after the start of World War I, he dropped in on Baron Rothschild on his way through Paris and was "astonished" to find that he and the Baron were agreed that (a) the war would spread to the Middle East (as it did), and (b) the Allies would win the war.26 In 1916 Weizmann, by then a naturalized English citizen, arranged to buy some real estate in Palestine at a time when that country was in the hands of England's enemy, Turkey. Weizmann relates how Lady Grey Hill, from whom his group bought the property, was convinced by Weizmann's action that England was going to win the war.27 Perhaps she knew something of Weizmann's connections, for in 1916 such a purchase would have entailed considerable risk for any ordinary British citizen. In 1916 the deciding factor in determining the outcome of the war, the entry of the United States on the side of the Allies, had not yet occurred. In fact, Woodrow Wilson was that year campaigning for re-election on the slogan "He kept us out of war." Did Weizmann have an exceptionally clear crystal ball, or did he have Insider information?
As negotiations toward the Balfour Declaration proceeded, it became clear to Weizmann that the main opposition to such a declaration was coming from the Jewish community of England.28 The Orthodox Jews regarded Zionism as their mortal enemy. To quote Laqueur's "History of Zionism", it "was interpreted as the most recent and the most dangerous phase in the continuing Satanic conspiracy against the House of Israel."29 So intense was this opposition from their own Jewish constituencies that the leading British politicians were hesitant about going through with the declaration, even though most of them had been "won over" by Dr. Weizmann. The factor which broke the deadlock and led directly to the declaration was a telegram to the British government from Col. E. Mandel House, acting for President Wilson, declaring the support of the American government for the declaration.30 The telegram arrived at the strategic moment even though, only shortly before, President Wilson had considered such a declaration premature since the United States was not at war with Turkey, of which Palestine was a part.31
The Balfour Declaration was addressed to Lord Nathaniel Rothschild, the head of the English branch of the family at the time. and was named after Lord Balfour because he was then the British Foreign Minister and had long been one of the prime movers in promoting the declaration. Balfour's credentials are extremely interesting. Professor Carroll Quigley, an admirer and supporter of the Insiders, tells in his monumental "Tragedy and Hope" how a secret society was formed in 1891 by Cecil Rhodes, a close associate of the Rothschilds, with Arthur (Lord) Balfour proposed as a member of the "Circle of Initiates."32 This secret society set up so-called Round Table organizations as front groups33 in England and the United States, and the Round Table groups in turn established fronts known as the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in England and the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) in the United States.34 Thus, Lord Balfour was truly an Insider's Insider, two rings nearer the center of the Conspiracy than an ordinary member of the Council on Foreign Relations is today.
Viewed in this context, Weizmann's amazing skill and/or good fortune in climbing the ladder of prestige after his arrival in England are better understood. Weizmann evidently had been selected by the British Insiders as their front man who would be able to "accomplish", by his "amazing powers of persuasion", what the Insiders had agreed among themselves beforehand would be done; namely, the establishment of a Jewish nation in Palestine. While Weizmann was no doubt an extremely capable man, his brilliance, like that of an electric light bulb, was due more to his connections than to anything generated by himself.
As we have mentioned, support for Zionism in the United States was of crucial importance in bringing the Balfour Declaration to a successful culmination. It should not surprise any knowledgeable reader to learn that the leader of Zionism in the United States during this period, Louis Brandeis, who was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1916 by Woodrow Wilson, was a man with deep conspiratorial connections. Brandeis's maternal grandfather and great grandfather were both members of the Frankists in Europe.35 Brandeis's father, Adolph Brandeis, would have taken part in the 1848 Communist revolution in Bohemia but for the fact that he was stricken with typhoid fever at the time.36 Finding it advisable to leave Bohemia in late 1848, after the revolution had failed, Adolph came to America where he traveled in the company of a friend of his family who was an agent of the Rothschilds.37 Reared in America with this background, Louis Brandeis had become, by 1914, the Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs.38 As the official spokesman for American Zionists during the critical years of 1914-1917, Brandeis was in touch with President Wilson, James Rothschild, Louis de Rothschild, Secretary of State Lansing, the French Ambassador to Washington, Jusserand, and, of course, with Chaim Weizmann. He was assisted in his high level promotion of the Zionist cause during these years by Rabbi Stephen Wise39 who has been identified with at least thirty-three Communist front organizations.40 When Lord Balfour visited Washington in May, 1917, Brandeis had luncheon with Balfour at the White House. Balfour told him, "You are one of the Americans I had wanted to meet." 41
The rationale used to explain the Balfour Declaration to the British public was that it was a wartime political necessity, needed to consolidate Jewish world opinion on the side of the Allies. In actual fact, as we have seen already, Zionism was strongly, sometimes even violently, opposed by a majority of Jews everywhere except in Russia. But this fact was ignored by Allied propaganda in a typical reversal of the truth.
As the murder of Alexander II provided the initial impetus to Zionism, and as World War I provided the pretext for the crucial Balfour Declaration, so the persecution of the Jews in Germany by the Nazis, along with the turmoil following World War II, provided the needed impetus for mass Jewish migration to Palestine. These later events are too well known to require elaboration here except to note that the Nazis were brought into power by the Conspiracy,42 and that both World Wars were engineered by the Conspiracy.43 If these broad statements are too sweeping for the reader, the author makes no apology but refers the reader to the references cited. We do not mean to imply, of course, that both wars were instigated solely for the purpose of creating the Nation of Israel. The Conspiracy had many purposes and reaped many benefits from each of these wars, in addition to the one with which this chapter is concerned.
One specific occurrence related to World War II does need to be mentioned. At the end of the war, General Eisenhower conducted "Operation Keelhaul", in which thousands of "displaced persons" who had fled from eastern Europe were forcibly returned by Eisenhower's illegal orders to the Communist butchers from whom they had fled.44 But, on direct orders from President Truman, those refugees who were Jewish were specifically ordered not to be returned, and in fact the flight of additional Jewish refugees from Poland was encouraged.45 Thousands of these became emigrants to Palestine.
The final throes leading to the actual establishment of the independent Nation of Israel consisted of turmoil, violence, and terrorism involving the Jews, Arabs, and the British Army in Palestine. The chief features of this period were the assassination and terrorism inflicted by Jewish guerilla gangs against personnel of the British government and army.46 These tactics were disavowed, of course, by the leading Zionists, but the ultimate result of this pressure, combined with continued heavy illegal immigration of the "displaced persons" from eastern Europe into Palestine, was to "force" the Socialist British government to give up and withdraw its troops. This strategy will ring all too familiar to present-day Americans, who can recall the use of a very similar strategy in the recent American withdrawal from Viet Nam. The final step in establishing the Nation of Israel was a vote in the United Nations, in late 1947, to partition Palestine into two parts, one of which was to be the new nation.47 Informed Americanists need no references to document the domination of the United Nations by the Conspiracy, but for those who have not had the opportunity to learn of this we recommend G. Edward Griffin's "The Fearful Master." 48
This chapter has been, at best, an extremely sketchy history of Zionism, but we hope to have shown informed Americanists that this history, at every crucial point, has been dominated by easily recognized strategies and tactics of the Conspiracy. Well known Conspiratorial names abound in the record, although only a few, such as the Rothschilds, Balfour, Louis Brandeis, and Col. House have been mentioned here. Other prominent names sprinkled through the annals are the Warburgs, Alfred Lord Milner, John Maynard Keynes, Leon Blum, Felix Frankfurter, and Henry Morgenthau, Jr. There can be little question that the Nation of Israel was planned and brought into being by the Conspiracy, to serve Conspiratorial purposes.
Although American foreign policy has been ostensibly pro-Israel since the day of Israel's founding, it takes only a little reflection on recent history to discover that some of the most serious injuries inflicted upon that nation have been perpetrated by the United States government. In 1956, for example, Eisenhower forced a halt to the combined military operation of the Israelis, French, and British, which otherwise would have resulted in the defeat of Egypt and the liberation of the Suez Canal which Egypt had stolen. In 1973 Kissinger stopped the Israelis from annihilating the Egyptian Third Army, forcing the Israelis to allow the Egyptians to escape. It was Kissinger again who forced the Israelis to withdraw 22 miles inland from the Suez Canal, giving up an easily defended natural boundary for one not easily defended, at the same time giving Egypt uncontested control of the canal once more. It is the American government which today is pressuring Israel to deal with the Communist terrorist PLO as though they were a decent, civilized government. The truth is that the Insiders of the Conspiracy, working through their agents in the American, Russian, and Israeli governments, are manipulating the Nation of Israel like a puppet for the benefit of the Conspiracy.
Today the existence of the Nation of Israel serves a multitude of purposes for the Conspiracy, not the least of which is the one which prompted the writing of this chapter. For the existence of the Nation of Israel is used by the Scofieldians today as the key ingredient in convincing not only fundamental Christians, but many of the general public as well, that the "rapture" must be imminent and therefore any resistance to the Conspiracy is not only futile but unnecessary.
REFERENCES, CHAPTER 1
* Not to be confused with Henry Morgenthau, Jr., a probable member or agent of the Conspiracy.
** Although this chapter is concerned primarily with the Zionist aspect of Jewish emigration, the great mass of emigrants during this period came to the United States. Between 1881 and 1914, almost two million Jewish immigrants, mostly from Russia and Russian-controlled Poland and Lithuania, arrived in the United States. Three quarters of these settled on the lower east side of New York City,12 and there were among them, inevitably, a sprinkling of Communist revolutionaries. On March 27, 1917, two hundred seventy-five of these, led by Trotsky, boarded the S.S. Christiana in New York to return to Russia where they accomplished, with Lenin and his followers, the Communist takeover of Russia.13
1 Morgenthau, Henry, Sr."All In A Lifetime"Doubleday Page & Go., Garden City, N.Y., 1922.
2 Sachar, Howard M."A History of Israel"Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1976 p. 12.
3 bid., p. 13.
4 Ausabel, Nathan"Pictorial History of the Jewish People"Crown Publishers, Inc., New York, 1953 p. :300.
5 Sachar, Op. Cit., p. 10.
6 Laqueur, Walter"A History of Zionism"Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, Chicago, San Francisco, 1972 p. 46.
7 Ibid., p. 54.
8 Ibid., p. 54.
9 Ibid. p. 69.
10 Sachar, Op. Cit., p. 30.
11 Ibid., p. 26.
12 Ausabel, Op. Cit., pp. 282, 283.
13 Allen, Gary"None Dare Call It Conspiracy"Concord Press, Rossmoor, Calif., 1971 pp. 66, 69.
14 Sachar, Op. Cit., p. 96.
15 Weizmann, Chaim"Trial and Error"The Weizmann Foundation 1949 Schocken Books, Inc., New York, 1966 p. 24.
16 Ibid., p. 95.
17 Ibid., pp. 109-111.
18 Ibid., pp. 152-154.
19 Ibid., pp. 149-150, 157.
20 Ibid., p. 191.
21 Ibid., p. 118.
22 Ibid., p. 137.
23 Ibid., p. 149.
24 Ibid., pp. 119-120.
25 Ibid., p. 150.
26 Ibid., p. 148.
27 Ibid., p. 1:37.
28 Ibid., pp. 207-208.
29 Laqueur, Op. Cit., p. 407.
30 Ibid., p. 208.
31 Ibid., p. 206.
32 Quigley, Carroll"Tragedy and Hope"The Macmillan Go., New York, 1966 p. 131.
33 Ibid., p. 132.
34 Ibid., p. 132.
35 Mason, Alpheus Thomas"BrandeisA Free Man's Life"The Viking Press, New York, 1946, p. 441.
36 Ibid., p. 12.
37 Ibid., p. 15.
38 Ibid., p. 444.
39 Ibid., p. 452.
40 Gannon, Francis X., Biographical Dictionary of the Left, Vol. IV., Western Islands, Boston and Los Angeles, 1973, pp. 639-641.
41 Mason, Op. Cit., pp. 444-453.
42 Sutton, Antony C."Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler"'76 Press, Seal Beach, Calif. 90740, 1976.
43 Welch, Robert"The Truth In Time""American Opinion" Magazine, Belmont, Mass. 02176, November 1966, pp. 8-12, (See also the 85 documentary references included with this article.)
44 Welch, Robert"The Politician"Belmont Publishing Go., Belmont, Mass. 02178, 1964Chapter 4.
45 Sachar, Op. Cit., pp. 249-250.
46 Ibid., pp. 247-248, 264-267.
47 Ibid., pp. 292-295.
48 Griffin, G. Edward"The Fearful Master"Western Islands,' 395 Concord Ave., Belmont, Mass. 02178, 1964.
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