Theological Issues -- Calvinist vs. Arminian

ISSUE CALVINIST POSITION ARMINIAN POSITION
ORIGINAL SIN total depravity and guilt inherited from Adam weakness inherited from Adam
HUMAN WILL in bondage to sin free to do spiritual good
GRACE OF GOD common grace given to all; saving grace given to elect enabling grace given to all; saving grace given to those who believe; persevering grace given to those who obey
PREDESTINATION rooted in God's decrees rooted in God's foreknowledge
REGENERATION monergistic synergistic
ATONEMENT Christ's death a substitutionary penal sacrifice Christ's death a sacrifice that God benevolently accepted in place of a penalty
EXTENT OF ATONEMENT intended only for the elect intended for all
APPLICATION OF ATONEMENT by power of the Holy Spirit according to the will of God by power of the Holy Spirit in response to the will of the sinner
ORDO SALUTIS election, predestination, union with Christ, calling, regeneration, faith, repentance, justification, sanctification, glorification calling, faith, repentance, regeneration, justification, perseverance, glorification
PERSEVERANCE perseverance of all the elect by the grace of God perseverance dependent on obedience

 

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